How to Backup WordPress And Pick The Right Plugin For The Job

You wouldn’t spend a lot of money on a car or your home and then not get insurance to protect it.

Believe it or not, the same logic applies to your WordPress website. You don’t want to spend time and resources creating the perfect site, only to leave it unprotected.

Backing up your WordPress site is one of the best ways to prevent losing all the data you’ve stored there. It also saves you from having you build your site from scratch in case something does go wrong.

Server crashes, hacks or faulty add-ons can happen without warning, and they can erase your entire site. That’s a scary feeling, but if you’ve backed up your site, then there’s an easy fix.

Read on to learn everything you need to know about how to backup WordPress, and why doing so is important for protecting your site. As a side-note, most web hosting companies off automatic backups of your files, some even do it daily. So our first suggestion is to make sure you’re using a good web hosting provider. Check the features that came with your hosting plan, and if needed, start looking for a new website host. Finding a great web host isn’t as difficult as you might think. You’ll find enough bloggers that have already done the hard work for you, so all you need to do, is choose!

What is a Backup and Why Do You Need One?

Before getting into how to backup WordPress, it can be helpful to know what a backup actually is and why a backup for your site is so important.

A backup is essentially a saved copy of your website. In the event that you lose your site, you can reinstall your backup and get your page running again, just like it was before.

A full WordPress backup includes a backup of your theme and plugin files — basically anything that adds functionality to your site — as well as a backup of your the database that stores your blog posts, comments, etc.

Backups of your WordPress site are so important because they safeguard all of the hard work you’ve done to design your site and make it operate the way it does. They also protect a record of all the content you’ve created and all the times visitors have interacted with your site.

How To Backup WordPress Sites

There are ways to backup your WordPress site manually or through your hosting service. The easiest method, though, is to backup your WordPress site automatically with a WordPress plugin.

There are many backup WordPress plugin options to choose from so you can find the one that does everything you need. These plugins can backup your site automatically according to the schedule that you set. Many of them can also help you transfer your entire site from one location to another.

Once you’ve installed your chosen plugin, the plugin does the rest. You can get the peace of mind that comes with knowing your site is backed up and can be easily restored if something does go wrong.

Ready to Backup Your WordPress Site?

Just because you’ve made it this far without losing your site doesn’t mean that something can’t go wrong tomorrow. Server crashes or malicious hacks happen without warning, and the longer you go without backing up, the worse it will be if something does happen.

Don’t risk losing everything you’ve put so much effort into. Choose to install a backup plugin today, and protect your site going forward.

Interesting Thing Regarding Internet Protocol That You Didn’t Know

Interesting Thing Regarding Internet Protocol That You Didn’t Know

We all know what IP address is and we all pretty much know how it functions and word. We know how many numbers it is consists of, how it looks like and why it is important. However, do we know what kind of Internet Protocols systems there are? Do we know when the first one was created? Do we know how many IP addresses exist at all in this world? Do we know why IP address is important and what does it mean to our business?

IP address makes our device visible to other

If you have shared IP it is the same like you are living in an apartment and if you have dedicated IP that means that you are living in a single-family house. I you didn’t know you can have it both. The better option is to have dedicated IP because it is like a house completely yours and you do not have to share anything with others.

4 Reasons why you need dedicated IP

Search Engine Visibility

SEOMany people do not agree with one thing that search engine optimization is the most effective solutions to be site ranked. When you have dedicated IP, you give yourself a chance to get the highest ranking. This way you will prevent your site to be blacklisted.

They are Free

Yes, you heard it well. With one Web Hosting, you can get 15 dedicated IPs for free. It usually depends on your hosting package, and some of them can charge you.

E-commerce Ready

With dedicated IP you can sell a product online because they are completely e-commerce ready.

Professional Website

WebsiteThe best is to try to get an affordable hosting solution, and with dedicated IP you usually get such a feature and all the others needed to run website professionally.

What is the main purpose of IP address? The main purpose with IP address is to make the communication between the device and someone else’s device possible. Without this address, the communication is completely impossible.

In the past, people used to use IPv4 system and practically they are still using it, but people have realized on time that if they do not find any other solution they will run out of available IP addresses. Therefore, people started working on IPv6 and passed on the 124-bit number to get as much as possible combinations and addresses. Everything started in 2005, and it is still developing. Thanks to Moonv6 testing they accelerated the entire process and tested the security part of the system, which is very important if you want to create your domain and to run a business via internet We do not want to survive another Yahoo affair and to lose our valuable information through the system. The system has to be protected and to prevent any misuse and abuse. The more we test the system, the more secure we will be and the more stable.

What is Moonv6?

What is Moonv6?

This is an international project of North America. It is the execution of deployment of IPv6 technology. The scientist, businessmen, large companies and network services and providers have realized how important it establishes secure and steady Internet Protocol. If we are going to run our business via Internet, we need to make it secure place. When we are buying our web hosting, we want to get exactly what we have paid. When we intend to run our business via virtual world, we want to feel safe and to rely on our domain. Our domain is our face and the first impression when we contact the rest of the world. We communicate to the world and the percentage to encounter to maniac, or a robber is bigger than in real life.

Why is everybody investing in Moonv6?

IT-WorldThe scientist, businessmen, large companies and network services and providers decided to invest in this project to improve the implementation of IPv6. The transition between IPv4 and IPv6 took too long in their opinion, and they have decided to invest in the Moonv6 project to accelerate this process. The main purpose of this testing is to accelerate things and implement the standards into the development of the product itself. This type of testing is based on everything that we mentioned above. Usually, they create of environment where they will implement the program and see how their system will react. So basically, they will wait how the system will act with the mock and real environment.

When did everything start?

If we return to 2005, we will see that this year is crucial for this project. This project was implemented by UNH-IOL, JITS FT. and even academic and government organizations. The test items itself are determined by network operationrequirements of US Dept. practically everyone was involved, and they all interfere to test plans. It is in everyone’s interest this system to function properly and to be secure.

JITS has advanced Technology IP Laboratory

UNH-InterOperability-LabTheir facilities are equipped with certifies equipment for Joint Interoperability. Here you will find access to services and agencies within DoD.

In UNH InterOperability Lab you will find a test for 19 different technologies including IPv6.  This lab is non-profit one and created to test how IPv6 system works and how secure it is. Functional testing is very important, and everyone wants it to be implemented as much as possible.

Moonv6 testing is created to accelerate the whole transition from IPV4 and IPv6. Everybody wants to be a part of this project and to follow the entire project through test and tasks. The main purpose is to create the way to free without any obstacles run their business in the fastest possible environment that is the internet. If this transition turns our as fast and efficient, their money will return, and everything will get paid. We will get much more free IP addresses than we expected.

What Is Web Hosting And Internet Protocol?

What Is Web Hosting And Internet Protocol?

No matter how many times we have heard for I.P. address on the Internet and TV, especially in commercials for different internet services and providers. It is natural to have difficulties to understand it, especially for a person that is not technically educated. However, it is not good to be technically non-educated in the world of the fastest technology development ever. To make things more compressive and easy to understand we will explain it like this. I.P address is the number of your internet address visible for your devices. The human eye will see the domain and the device will see the Internet Protocol. There won’t be any communication between these two unless you provide them with IP numbers.

What kind of systems we were using through history

Internet-Protocol-IPThe first Internet Protocol that we used is IPv4 and believe it or not it was a long time ago, back to 1981.Until 1999 there wasn’t any problem with this system. With the developing of mobile phones we faced with another issue. We started to have lack of IP addresses. Simple there weren’t enough IP numbers due to the fast increment of mobile and other similar kind device. This forced scientist and big companies and business to start thinking about the new system of Internet Protocol and created in 1999 Ipv6 system that offered us 128-bit number to create IP addresses.

The transition from IPv4 to IPv6 was long and tricky

Web-HostingNo matter how easy it looks like, it is very long and painful process. First of all, now all people started to use new version immediately. However, people were ready for this and prepared. The process itself was long because they had to reinforce security system. It is not easy to perform this especially parallel with the transition. Therefore, the largest and the most powerful companies gathered around the Moonv6 project to test everything before official release. They are financing this project because their mutual interest is to have the secure system and domains. No matter what we think, this is very important to all of us. Tomorrow, the domain will represent your system and your business. The more secure your domain is, the more secure your business is. Everything is entering a virtual world, which is fast as our mind and therefore it is hard to control it.

How to create the most efficient testing?

The answer is pretty much simple; it is important to create the perfect environment and to implement all the standards. It is like software testing. Sometimes the software act in some particular way with mock data and when you provide it with the real data the system start bugging. This is the main reason why testing needs to be real as much as possible. After testing, you can rest assure that all suites are covered and all possibilities in a real world. They are aware how important is to keep it safe for everyone’s sake.

Difference Between Ipv4 And Ipv6

Difference Between Ipv4 And Ipv6

Ten years ago nobody thought that it could be possible to amount of IP addresses. Nobody could imagine that technology would develop so fast. Nowadays, we have the situation where there are not enough amounts of IP addresses. We are sure that you know what the IP address is. For those who do not know we will shortly explain it. If the Internet is the market and the city your domain is your address something visible to the customer and a humankind, and IP address is the address visible and comprehensive to your device. This 32-bit number is your Internet Protocol address. In 1981 the IPv4 was introduced on the market, and after 20 years in 1999, the IPv6 replaced it.You probably wonder what the reason was for that.

First of all, the fast development of technology caused not enough IP addresses, and in 1999 they decided to pass to IPv6. The main difference between the first system and this one was in the length of the number. We passed from 32-bit number to 128 bit one, which allowed us to have a larger number of addresses. This transition was certainly necessary but not an easy one.

What is IPv4?

DiferencesThis Internet Protocol version is a technology that allows our device to connect to the Internet as we mentioned above. Whenever our device connects to the Internet (no matter what type of device, smartphone, Mac or your PC) it receives the unique IP address (e. g. Exchange of information is impossible between two devices without this address. These addresses are essential for web infrastructure.

What is IPv6?

The successor of IPv4 is IPv6, and the main difference between these two is the size of their addresses. They are 128-bit ones; later we will explain why that is so important.

Why this Internet Protocol replaced the old one?

IPv6-Between-IPv4According to latest data, the old one has about 5 billion addresses and believe it, or not all of them are occupied. Well, not all of them. However, a lot of them are already the property of some big companies such as IBM, MIT or Ford, and others and they are waiting for their destiny. Only its owner can decide what will happen with them.

How IPv6 resolve this issue?

The main purpose of this new Internet Protocol, created in 1999, is to allow us a larger number of I.P. addresses. This is a hexadecimal system, and it provided us with more than enough address for this period.

Currently, these systems are working in parallel because the transition from one to another is very slow and it has been in a process for ten years. You can use both of them, but the main intention is to pass entirely to a newer version. The main reason why this process is so slow is the fact that every implementation is slow at the beginning and due to security reasons, this is the best possible option.

All The Good Stuff About IPv6

All The Good Stuff About IPv6

The new Internet protocol, IPv6, is the new player in town and it’s taking the Internet over. The transition from IPv4 to the upgraded IPv6 is not as fast as many would like, but it’s rolling away steadily. All of you computer buffs out there already know this, but for all of the average computer reasons, let us quickly explain why this new protocol is important.

The IPv6 Internet protocol allows us to interconnect everything, our cars with our smartphones and our appliances with the internet. The main advantage of IPv6 is not only the increased number of possible addresses. Keep reading, and you will see why the IPv6 is truly the upgraded version of the old Internet protocol.

What makes the IPv6 superior to IPv4?

Well, first of all, it utilizes a more advanced structure, the 128 bit one. While the old protocol was based on the 32-bit structure, the new protocol allows a much greater number of addresses. And with much greater, we mean much, much greater. In numbers, it looks like this: 3.4 X 1038. And this it 7.9 X 1028 times more than the old protocol. Experts predict that the internet will not run out of IP addresses for decades to come.

The problem of transitioning to a new protocol due to the anticipated exhaustion of IPv4 addresses was known for a long time. The Internet Engineering Task Force started working on this problem as early as 1990, and it finished formalizing the successor in 1998.

Besides the obvious advantage, this protocol has (a much greater number of IP addresses), it also has a lot of technical benefits. These include more efficient routing and packet processing, directed data flow, simplified network configuration, support for new services and upgraded security.

Efficient routing and packet processing

IPV6-NetworkIPv6 keeps the size of routing tables small while making routing much more structured, hierarchical and, consequently, more efficient. ISPs can now aggregate all the single prefixes of their networks into an individual prefix and then announce it to IPv6.  Furthermore, the fragmentation is now handled by the source device, rather than the router.

Packet processing is also upgraded. The packet headers are simplified, mostly because the architects managed to get rid of the IP-level checksum. In detail, the checksum does not have to be recalculated all the time.

Data flows

The old system relied on broadcasting rather than multicasting. IPv6 utilizes multicasting, which allows it to send bandwidth intensive packet flows to many different addresses at the same time. It preserves the network bandwidth. Also, the header of the new protocol has a new field called Flow Label. It identifies packets from the same flow.

Simplified configuration of the network and other advantages

A built-in feature of the IPv6 is the address auto-configuration. Besides this cool new feature, the new protocol provides support for new services like easier creation of peer to peer networks and more stable VoIP and QoS services. Finally, the authentication, data integrity and confidentiality are significantly upgraded with the IPv6 protocol.

The Importance Of Dedicated IP Addresses

The Importance Of Dedicated IP Addresses

An IP address is similar to your home address. It defines the way your device (your computer, smartphone, laptop, or even your car or an appliance) communicates with other devices within a network. The device can communicate with other devices in a local network or the whole internet.

The problem of a dedicated address arises mostly with hosting your website. If your want to set up a website on a shared server, there will always be a question of a dedicated IP address. Is it really necessary and why is it necessary. The alternative is to use a shared address, but a dedicated IP address has crucial advantages we want to explain here. So let’s start from the beginning.

What is a Dedicated IP address?

Internet Protocol or IP for short is a unique address which every computer gets when it connects to a network, whether it is the internet or a local network. This address is the key identifier which computers use to understand the right location of a machine or a website inside a defined network.

The difference between a shared and a dedicated addressDedicated-IP

The idea is very simple. A shared IP works as a single address to which multiple websites refer to, all inside a single web server. The server, in this case, has to work a little harder to „connect the dots“ and parse the request to the right website. On the other hand, a dedicate address means that the website has its own, unique address. This means that you can use this address or the domain name to access the site from the web simply.

Benefits of dedicated IP addresses

The main benefits include instant access to websites; it provides better reputation for the sender of emails, it’s great for your business identity and so on.

A dedicated address allows you to access the server directly. You do not have to change the DNS settings, and this means that you can check the way your new website will look like before the launch.

Email services can have problems with shared addresses. If you use a dedicated address, you can isolate your service from abuse. For example, you can avoid being banned or blacklisted.Dedicated-IP-Address

Having your dedicated IP address is always good for business identity, especially if you are in the online shopping or other e-commerce business. In fact, it is practically necessary to have such an address because of better security. We strongly recommend a dedicated address in this case if you do not plan to use third-party services for payment handling.

Finally, the SNI technology might not always go hand in hand with some of the older browsers if you use a shared IP address. Visitors of websites set up like this will often receive messages with info about an untrusted connection. You can easily solve this problem if you choose to opt for a dedicated IP address.

IPv4 And IPv6 Explained

IPv4 And IPv6 Explained

IF you have a little bit of internet knowledge, you should know what IP addresses are. If not, let’s get you up to speed: and IP address is a unique set of numbers (and letters) which the network assigned to each device connected to it. For example, when you connect to the internet, your computer gets a unique IP address which looks like this – This is the usual outline of a typical IPv4 address.

But, there is a small problem. The internet has become massive, with millions, even billions of users. And it has slowly, but surely, run out of the old, IPv4 style addresses. The last blocks of these address have their owners now. The successor of the IPv4 is the IPv6. So, let’s hear a little bit more about this new player in town.

The differences

IPv4The new way to identify network devices is known as the IPv6. The main reason it had to be introduced is, of course, the fact that there weren’t enough IPv4 addresses. But, another equally important reason was the fact that this new system simplifies assignments and provides much better security features.

The transition from one address system to another did not go without problems, however. Most of the average computer users have no idea what IP addresses are, let alone the difference between them. Also, they don’t understand the impact it can have on their everyday computer use. This short guide is, therefore, essential so you can understand what these addresses are, how they work, why are they important and the main differences between them.

How to tell them apart?

IPv6As we mentioned, the 32-bit IPv4 is the older technology, based on a set of 4 8-bit number combinations. Thanks to the IP address, a device connected to the internet can safely communicate with another device, send data and exchange information. Without it, computers cannot communicate with each other. It is the essential part of the Internet infrastructure. This technology served the internet community just fine for the past years, but now it is completely depleted, meaning all the IPv4 addresses are reserved.

Meanwhile, IPv6 appeared as the next generation type of address. This is the sixth version of the Internet Protocol, hence the IPv6 name. It works completely the same as the previous version, but the difference is in the size and shape. This protocol uses the 128-bit address code. Due to this, it can support much more individual addresses, a practically inexhaustible number. Experts predict that this type of Internet protocol will keep the Internet running for a long, long time.

So, to tell apart the old from the new protocol, you just have to look at the length and form of the address. The old, IPv4 will be structured as, for example, and the new, IPv6 will look something like this: 2002:ah5:1:2234:0:444:2:5. You can know which one is which just by looking at them.

IP Address: Basic Structure

IP Address: Basic Structure

Just like every house has a number, every computer connected to the internet has an IP address. It allows other users to instantly recognize each device in the network. An IP address consists of a set of unique numbers which individualize every connected device – a personal computer, a server, router, even an IP telephone. Thanks to this combination of numbers and letters, we can transfer information and data to other devices hooked up to the network working on and IP protocol.

Each device which communicates with a specific network or the internet as a whole has to have an IP address unique to the device. If this assignment fails, many problems can occur. For example, if a hub or a switch fails to recognize or understand the IP address of another device, it cannot send the data to the right place. These problems, called IP conflicts, are sometimes so serious that they can lead to complete network failure.

How does an IP address look like?

IP-AddressIf you ever wanted to set up a router at your home, you must have seen it. To communicate with the router, you have to type its address into your browser. It is a set of numbers with the following form:, and each xxx can be a number between 0 and 255. This type of IP address is known as IPv4 because it consists of 32-bits. Every part of the address is an 8-bit part.

Technically, every IP address has two main parts. The first part is the network part. This represents the class of the address used within the network. The second part is the host part. This is the part of the address which makes it unique inside the network.  Let’s explain this with an example. If the address of a device is, then the first three groups of numbers are the network part. They describe the network, and the last set of numbers (in this case 21) represent the host part and serve to point out a single device in the network specifically.

How do I find the IP address of my computer?

Whenever you are connected to a network, whether it is the internet or a local network, you can find your IP address easily. Go to the Run tab in your Start button and then type “command.” A new window will then appear, and you can then type “ipconfig.” Then the computer will show all the devices inside your computer which are connected to the internet or local networks and show you the IP address for each of these (wifi controller, Ethernet controller and so on).

The format of the address will, when it comes to the IPv4 address, always be as described above: Another type of IP address is the IPv6, but this will be explained in another article. Now you understand the basic structure of IP addresses, the way computer devices communicate with the Internet or other networks.

Moonv6 Leaders

Moonv6 Leaders

Rick Summerhill

RickAs Associate Director of Backbone Network Infrastructure for Internet2 Rick Summerhill has engineering responsibility for the Abilene Network. Abilene currently provides high-performance connectivity and access to advanced services from over 200 research universities and affiliated institutions.

Prior to joining Internet2 in December of 2002, Rick served as the executive director of the Great Plains Network, an Internet2 gigaPoP centered at Kansas City, Missouri. He has been associated with network engineering at the campus, state, and regional levels for the last twenty years.

Prior to network engineering, he served on the research faculty in Mathematics at Kansas State University.

Rick attend Monmouth College where he received a B.S. in Mathematics and Physics and University of Iowa where he received a M.S. and Ph.D. in Mathematics.

Erica Johnson

EricaShe began working for the University of New Hampshire InterOperability Laboratory in May of 1999. Erica quickly advanced to managing the IPv6 Consortium and coordinating high profile Moonv6 testing events. She is currently the technical representative for the U.S on the IPv6Ready Logo Committee.

She has co-authored many IPv6 white papers and test suites including the IPv6 Ready Logo Base Specification and IPv6 Ready Logo DHCPv6 Interoperability. Presently she maintains operations for IPv4 Routing, IPv6 testing as well as the Director of the UNH-IOL. Erica continues to work with many Industry Forums including the North American IPv6 Task Force, IPv6Forum and the IPv6Ready Logo Committee. This allows her to design real-world and worst-case test scenarios with respect to IPv6 technologies and work along side commercial service providers, network equipment vendors and government agencies.

Jim Bound

works at Hewlett Packard Corporation as HP Fellow and is a Network Technical Director within the Enterprise UNIX (HP-UX) Division’s Network and Security Lab Engineering Group. Jim was a member of the Internet Protocol Next Generation (IPng) Directorate within the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), which selected IPv6, among several proposals, to become the basis of the IETF’s work on an IPng in 1994.

Jim has been a key designer and implementer of IPv6, and contributor and co-author of IPv6 specifications. Jim founded an ad-hoc IPv6 deployment group working with implementers across the Internet in 1998, which became the IPv6 Forum, where Jim is the IPv6 Forum CTO and Member of the Board of Directors. Jim is also Chair of the North American IPv6 Task Force. Jim is a pioneer member of the Internet Society, and member of the Institute of Electronics, Electrical Engineers (IEEE).

Jim in July 2001 received the IPv6 Forum Internet IPv6 Pioneer Award as the IPv6 Forums “Lead Plumber”. Jim has been working in the field of networking as engineer and architect since 1978, and is a subject matter expert to Government and Industry, for IPv6 and network centric technology.


The University Of New Hampshire And Its Inter Operability Laborotory Effort To Improve IP Version 6 MPLS Specifications

The University Of New Hampshire And Its Inter Operability Laborotory Effort To Improve IP Version 6 MPLS Specifications

The University of New Hampshire is investing a lot in projects of creating an environment where every product can be tested. Practically this is implementing of standards and observing how Internet Protocol will behave, especially new version 6 or MPLS Provider Edge IPv6. The main purpose of the test it to isolate the problems within a device.

The University of New Hampshire’s work and experts

The University of New Hampshire would like to acknowledge the efforts of the following individuals in the development of this test suite. This test suite belongs to the University of New Hampshire InterOperability Lab and is a collaborative effort of those listed below and the participants of Moonv6.  Special thanks to France Telecom for the base test items.

Overview of New Hampshire’s work

InterOperability-LaboratoryThe University of New Hampshire’s InterOperability Laboratory (IOL) is an institution designed to improve the interoperability of standards-based products by providing an environment where a product can be tested against other implementations of a standard. This suite of tests has been developed to help implementers evaluate the functioning of their Internet Protocol, version 6 MPLS Provider Edge IPv6 capable products. The tests do not determine if a product conforms to the IPv6 or MPLS specifications, nor are they purely interoperability tests. Rather, they provide one method to isolate problems within a device. Successful completion of all tests contained in this suite does not guarantee that the tested device will interoperate with other IPv6 devices. However, combined with satisfactory operation in the IOL’s semi-production environment, these tests provide a reasonable level of confidence that the Device Under Test will function well in many multi-vendor IPv6 environments. Most will recommend 100 traffic.

Testing is very important in every field and this even more because software usually behaves differently with mock and real data.


RUT: Router Under Test RT: Route Target    TR: Testing Router

RD: Route Distinguisher    G: Traffic Generator

When several entities of the same type are present in a test configuration, a number is appended to the acronym to yield a label for each entity. For example, if there were three testing routers in the test configuration, they would be labeled G1, G2, and G3.

Testing Product Against Other Implementations Of A Standard As A Mandatory

Testing Product Against Other Implementations Of A Standard As A Mandatory

Whatever you are working on before your release it on the market you need to test it. Software testing like to create use- cases with all possible mistakes, bugs, and errors. Tests are arranged in suites, and they usually consist of happy and unhappy flows. This everything is used to improve the software before you serve it to the client.

The University of New Hampshire’s InterOperability Laboratory (IOL) is an institution designed to improve the interoperability of standards-based products by providing an environment where a product can be tested against other implementations of a standard. This suite of tests has been developed to help implementers evaluate the functioning of their Internet Protocol, version 6 products.  The tests do not determine if a product conforms to the IPv6 specifications, nor are they purely interoperability tests. Rather, they provide one method to isolate problems within a device.  Successful completion of all tests contained in this suite does not guarantee that the tested device will interoperate with other IPv6 devices. One of the best mechanisms tin case when receivers are sparsely populated is pim assert.Testing-Router

To accelerate their work and make it easier they use acronyms:

RUT: Router Under Test TR: Testing Router

RP: Rendezvous Point DR: Designated Router

IGMP: Internet Group Management Protocol MRIB: Multicast Routing Information Base RPF: Reverse Path Forwarding

TIB: Tree Information Base

MFIB: Multicast Forwarding Information Base

When several entities of the same type are present in a test configuration, a number is appended to the acronym to yield a label for each entity. For example, if there were three testing routers in the test configuration, they would be labeled TR1, TR2, and TR3.


Rendezvous Point (RP)

An RP is a router that has been configured to be used as the root of the non-source-specific distribution tree for a multicast group. Join messages from receivers for a group are sent towards the RP, and data from senders is sent to the RP so that receivers can discover who the senders are, and start to receive traffic destined for the group.

Designated Router (DR):

A shared-media LAN like Ethernet may have multiple PIM-SM routers connected to it. If the LAN has directly connected hosts, then a single one of these routers, the DR, will act on behalf of those hosts concerning the PIM-SM protocol. A single DR is elected per interface (LAN or otherwise) using a simple election process.

How Important Is To Find Dependable Web Hosting?

How Important Is To Find Dependable Web Hosting?

If we consider the fact that every kind of business and financial transactions are transferred via the internet, then we realize how important is to make them safe and how important the information is. This is the first thing you need to pay attention to when we want to buy your domain.

What domain is?

DomainIf you want to understand what is domain and why it is so important, then you should look at things wider than usual. Your business can develop all over the world, your market is enormous, and you can make a huge profit. The bigger market is, the bigger is a possibility to encounter enemies. You are endangered more than you think. If you thing that you are safe to look around you. Take Yahoo, for example; this company was one of the greatest. Eventually, it ended like that. The system was hacked, all their customers’ credentials misused.

If you are exposing your information to this virtual world, you need to make it secure. You are the one responsible for choosing the right provider. If you decide to search for the cheapest option, there is a possibility to buy cheap security service. Like in any other business here you pay for great service, on the other hand, you can pay for something that only looks good. The question is how to choose the most reliable IP address in the ocean of the mentioned ones?

Security in the first place

Nothing is more important than the security of your domain. Your domain is your business; remember that next time when you feel lazy to create your password more complicated than usual, or when you decide to pay cheaper web hosting service. Use recommended one because there are so many of them and only 60% of them are a secure one. There would be no any law here to protect you. No wonder why so many famous and powerful companies invest in DHCP tested methods. They are protecting their interest and your interest at the same time.

Why Nowadays Is It So Hard To Be The Best Vendor In IT World?

Why Nowadays Is It So Hard To Be The Best Vendor In IT World?

First of all, we need to say that the fastest phenomena ever are the world. The only thing that manages to compete with even our mind is IT technology. To be successful in this market, you need to know how to be agile and to predict all possible obstacles. You need to evolve together with the technology and to act fast. Being adaptive and flexible is mandatory.

Who are those that manage to beat the competition and learned how to control the technology? Who ended at the top of the TOP 100 vendors list?

According to Gather here are the best:

Apple almightyApple-company

At the top of the Top Vendors list, we can find Apple at the first place. This largest vendor has more than $218 billion in IT revenue.

Samsung Vendor Group

On the second place, Samsung Vendor Group managed to take its position with about $79 billion less than Apple.

Lucky number 3

Google took the third place on this list with $90 billion revenue. These top three vendors can attribute much of their size to their solid alignment with Nexus of Forces. At the very first beginning of Nexus, Microsoft was large. Here we need to mention IBM as one of the great names and very influential. All this is a product of the enormous production.


On the fourth place comes Microsoft with $85 billion revenue. These digital giants are practically the gatekeeper for any business, which delivers digital content.

IBM is the last place but not the least important

When it comes to IBM, we need to mention that this company is certainly one of the greatest names when it comes to IP addresses. With their symbol “THINK” they managed to motivate a thousand of their workers to participate in Moonv6 testing.

These five companies have gathered to improve market and to make it grow. They used their mutual strength to create IPv6 and make the market big enough for all future devices and allow customers to use them without any obstacle.

MoonV6 Network And Its Advantages

MoonV6 Network And Its Advantages

To answer one of the most difficult questions about when is the best moment for the prime time of all IPv6 pieces, suppliers and users gathered to reinforce their mutual strength. They have realized that the internet market had become overloaded and it could end up with no IP addresses at all.

The number of electronic addresses is increasing constantly

IP-adressesThe main cause for the problem with IP addresses is the fact that some devices more often includes a network interface. The fact that we want to control everything via internet brought us to this point. Nowadays, we have more and more devices with IP address, from simple home appliances to mobile phones. IPv4 simple is not enough anymore, and that is the main reason why people decided to move to IPv4. As the one of the most secure test bed, we have Moonv6, which the main purpose is to see all the possibilities and the advantages of new and wider IPv6.

Who decided to participate?

Due to their common interest in the first Moonv6 testing appeared more participants than it was expected. This round of testing involved so many parts from network companies, service providers to several government agencies. One of the most famous names appeared at this event such as Microsoft and IBM and a lot of others famous names in the network world.


NTP – Network Time Protocol Testing

NTP-TestingThis tool is used to synchronize clocks over the network. It uses a set of distributed servers and clients to manage this synchronization part. The main purpose of Network Time Protocol is to synchronize local and remote servers and clients. There is also advanced testing where NTP Server 1 reveals support of DHCPv6 and DNS operation over IPv6.

After 2005 to now, things have changed a lot. We passed from IP4 to IP6 where we have addresses with 128 but numbers to get the larger number of addresses.

When has everything started?

Since 2005 this subject has been opened, and experts are trying to find the best possible solutions. They were aware that the market is developing and growing constantly. With such a fast progress it is important to be fast and flexible. They made Moonv6 testing and tried to see how they can make more space for new IP addresses and make them more secure at the same time.